Texture is one of the important elements in interior design. Texture is a term that refers to the surface quality of an object. We can feel the roughness or smoothness, coarseness or fineness of the object. There are mainly two divisions, actual textures and visual textures. Actual textures can be felt by touching. But visual textures are simulated textures, they have a uniform surface to the touch, yet the material reveals a textural pattern. Here texture is the result of the brain translating this visual perception to texture. Visual texture also plays a vital role in the pictorial arts such as painting and photography, where the eye can distinguish between lustrous, shiny, dull, rich or weak surfaces that cannot be experienced by touch alone.
Textures can be used to balance a room’s characteristics. For example, small and dark rooms have to be furnished with smooth and shiny finishes will impart a reflective quality and give the space a sense of natural light. In the case of big, bright rooms we can use rough textures for a harmonious balancing.